At first we're going to create a simple table like this:. After showing you how to modify this table according to your needs, I will also show you how to make your tables prettier and turn the table above into this:. Of course it's up to your personal preference, but most of the time, I've found that the second table is much more readable and easier on the eye than the first table. Afterwards I'm also going to show you, how to do some more elaborate things such as having rows and colums spend multiple cells as well as orienting tables sideways on the page useful for tables with many columns and how to have tables span multiple pages useful for tables with many rows.
I've also created a tool to edit LaTeX tables right in your browser. This feature is still experimental, but if you want to try it, you can find it here. The table environment part contains the caption and defines the float for our table, i. The actual content of the table is contained within the tabular environment. The vertical lines separating the columns of our table are passed as an argument to the tabular environment e.
There should be one letter for every column and a vertical line in between them or in front of them, if we want a vertical line to be shown in the table. Now let's take a look at some actual code for a basic table, which you can easily copy-and-paste into your document and modify it to your needs.
The above code will print out the table which I've already shown you in the introduction and it looks like this:. While this table already works, it's not very satisfying and readable that the numbers in the center column are not aligned at the decimal point.
Professional and clean tables with LaTeX
Fortunately, we don't have to add spacing somehow manually, but we can use the siunitx package for this purpose. In our previous table, there was an alignment problem with the middle column, so I've now changed the alignment setting of the middle column from c to S :. We can now observe, that LaTeX will now properly align the numbers at their decimal points and round the numbers to two decimal places:.
Now that we've setup our table properly, we can focus on adding more rows and columns. If we now want to add an additional column, it's as simple as copy and pasting the previous column and changing the contents. I will be reusing the table from above for this example and add an additional column:. Sometimes it's necessary to make a row span several cells. For this purpose we can use the multirow package, so the first thing we're going to do is adding the required package to our preamble:.
We can now use multirow and multicolumn environments, which allow us to conveniently span multiple rows or columns. In order for a cell to span multiple rows, we have to use the multirow command. This command accepts three parameters:. Because we're combining two rows in our example, it's necessary to omit the content of the same row in the following line. Let's look at how the actual LaTeX code would look like:. The usage differs a bit from multirow command, since we also have to specifiy the alignment for our column.
The command also requires three parameters:.
LaTeX/Floats, Figures and Captions
Of course it's also possible to combine the two features, to make a cell spanning multiple rows and columns. To do this, we simply use the multicolumn command and instead of specifying content, we add a multirow command as the content. We then have to add another multicolumn statement for as many rows as we're combining.
It only takes a minute to sign up. I have got codes like the following generated by Kile. How can I add a caption.
I guess I should have used the table environment. Is there any solution now? In LaTeX, a caption is usually associated with a float like tablefigureAnd floats are meant to move within the document based on float-specifiers submitted by the user. For example.
Here the use of htbp provides LaTeX with a preference of where to place the float. First try " h ere", then try at the " t op" of the page, then try at the " b ottom" of the page, then try on a " p age" of it's own a so-called "page of floats".
More on this is explained in How to influence the position of float environments like figure and table in LaTeX? The caption package provides some means to automate this placement.
If you're interested in referencing the caption since it comes with an appropriate number, like Table 2. However, if all of this is too much, and you don't care about referencing the table, or even something like a "List of Tables" a table of contents for your tablesor even a table number, you could just do the following:. The minipage will ensure that the contents remains in a fixed block so that your caption doesn't end up on a page that your tabular is not.
Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Caption on tabular environment Ask Question. Asked 8 years, 6 months ago. Active 2 years, 9 months ago. Viewed k times. David Carlisle k 49 49 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. Dimitris Leventeas Dimitris Leventeas 3 3 gold badges 8 8 silver badges 16 16 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. I didn't want to include this in my answer, as it is more of an opinion than an answer, but I would highly recommend that you allow your tables and figures to float.
Floats allow LaTeX to form beautiful pages. Without floats you can get very ugly page breaks. Werner Werner k 86 86 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. Cabin May 25 '15 at Jake Drew Jake Drew 1 1 silver badge 1 1 bronze badge. The first two answer suggest using table.
I don't believe they suggest this either? See table documentation for valid values and placements. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google.
Sign up using Facebook.The previous chapter introduced importing graphics. However, just having a picture stuck in between paragraphs does not look professional. To start with, we want a way of adding captions, and to be able to cross-reference.
What we need is a way of defining figures. It would also be good if LaTeX could apply principles similar to when it arranges text to look its best to arranging pictures as well.
This is where floats come into play. Floats are containers for things in a document that cannot be broken over a page. LaTeX by default recognizes "table" and "figure" floats, but you can define new ones of your own see Custom floats below.
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Floats are there to deal with the problem of the object that won't fit on the present page, and to help when you really don't want the object here just now. Floats are not part of the normal stream of text, but separate entities, positioned in a part of the page to themselves top, middle, bottom, left, right, or wherever the designer specifies. They always have a caption describing them and they are always numbered so they can be referred to from elsewhere in the text. LaTeX automatically floats Tables and Figures, depending on how much space is left on the page at the point that they are processed.
If there is not enough room on the current page, the float is moved to the top of the next page. This can be changed by moving the Table or Figure definition to an earlier or later point in the text, or by adjusting some of the parameters which control automatic floating. Authors sometimes have many floats occurring in rapid succession, which raises the problem of how they are supposed to fit on the page and still leave room for text.
In this case, LaTeX stacks them all up and prints them together if possible, or leaves them to the end of the chapter in protest. The skill is to space them out within your text so that they intrude neither on the thread of your argument or discussion, nor on the visual balance of the typeset pages.
As with various other entities, there exist limitations on the number of unprocessed placed floats in line.
LaTeX tables - Tutorial with code examples
LaTeX by default can cope with maximum 18 floats and a symptomatic error is:. The morefloats package lifts this limit. To create a figure that floats, use the figure environment. The previous section mentioned how floats are used to allow LaTeX to handle figures, while maintaining the best possible presentation.
However, there may be times when you disagree, and a typical example is with its positioning of figures. The placement specifier parameter exists as a compromise, and its purpose is to give the author a greater degree of control over where certain floats are placed. What you do with these placement permissions is to list which of the options you wish to make available to LaTeX.
The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. It looks bad in my paper if a caption is wider than the table underneath it. How can I make them both align? Put your table plus caption inside a minipage. The caption will wrap. This is also a great way to have proper footnotes for tables. Only fixed widths are supported here; if you are looking for a way to limit the width of the caption to the width of the figure or table, please take a look at the floatrow  or threeparttable  package.
Learn more. Make LaTeX table caption same width as table? Ask Question. Asked 9 years, 9 months ago. Active 3 years, 5 months ago.
Viewed 49k times.
Active Oldest Votes. Caleb Hattingh Caleb Hattingh 8, 1 1 gold badge 26 26 silver badges 41 41 bronze badges.
Intuitively though I know how troublesome intuition can be in something like LaTeXI should be able to do as below:. Use default text for the second "caption". However,you shouldn't use the table environment, if you do not want to float the tabular. Use a minipage instead and also tabularx in this case:. You can do this with the caption package. Sign up to join this community.
The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Tabular: title above and caption below? Ask Question. Asked 9 years ago. Active 8 months ago. Viewed k times. Alec Alec 1, 2 2 gold badges 10 10 silver badges 14 14 bronze badges. Why should a table caption be placed above the table? Active Oldest Votes.
Faheem Mitha 6, 5 5 gold badges 43 43 silver badges 67 67 bronze badges. Thanks, exactly what I'm looking for. How do I write the text Table 1 and Table 2 in bold face?
Alan Munn Alan Munn k 33 33 gold badges silver badges bronze badges.Tables and Figures in LaTeX
David Carlisle k 49 49 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. Tried a bunch of different caption and footnote techniques just to end with a solution that was this simple. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown.
The Overflow Blog. Featured on Meta. Feedback on Q2 Community Roadmap. Linked Related Hot Network Questions. Question feed.Tables are common elements in most scientific documents, L a T e X provides a large set of tools to customize tables, change the size, combine cells, change the colour of cells and so on.
This article explains how.
The tabular environment is the default L a T e X method to create tables. Open an example in Overleaf. The tabular environment is more flexible, you can put separator lines in between each column. It was already said that the tabular environment is used to type tables. To be more clear about how it works below is a description of each command.
This example shows double vertical and horizontal lines, when properly used help to keep the information within the table well organized. When formatting a table you might require a fixed length either for each column or for the entire table.
In the example below a fixed column width is established. First, to use the parameters shown in the example, you must import the package array in the preamble of your L a T e X file with the next command. The aligning options are m for middle, p for top and b for bottom. In standard tables new lines must be inserted manually so the table won't stretch out of the text area, when using this parameters the text is automatically formatted to fit inside each cell.
If you don't need to control the width of each cell, but of the entire table and then distribute the space within evenly, use the package tabularx.
See the example below:. Notice that the environment opening statement is different, in the example the table width is set to 0. You can use any of the L a T e X units for such length.
Rows and columns can be combined in a bigger cell. The command multirow takes three parameters. The first one is the number of rows to be combined, 3 in the example. The second parameter is the width of the column, 4em in the example. Finally, the third parameter is the content of the cell. If you have to insert a very long table, which takes up two or more pages in your document, use the longtable package. First, add to the preamble the line.
There are four elements long-table specific. The parameter h! Other positioning parameters can be passed also:. For further examples on table positioning see the Positioning images and tables article.
The caption of each table will be used to generate this list.Tables are great to visualize data in a structured way. Unfortunately, too often I see tables which are cluttered and difficult to read and interpret.
It takes little to make them more presentable and easier to read. This post advocates tidy and lean tables, to the benefit of the reader.
Usually, a table caption goes above a table. However, some editors require the caption to be placed below the table. To get the correct reference number, the label has to be placed either right after the caption or into the caption macro.
Vertical lines can almost always be omitted. A professional table has three horizontal lines, two as table frame above and below and one to separate the header row from the data. To automatically break longer lines of text within cells, define fixed-width columns. The array package implements column types for fixed-width columns. Vertical and horizontal alignment can be combined.
Furthermore, text in this column is top-aligned and centered. I recommend to use this notation over a fixed length e. It helps keep the total table width within the page width available. Here is the table from before with fixed-width columns and text instead of numbers for illustration. With fixed-width columns, the column-type definition tends to be rather lengthy. If multiple columns of the same type are defined, use the star notation.
See here for an article on the topic. To clearly separate rows, add extra white-space. To increase white-space between rows, use a factor greater than 1. I wrote about how to create multi-row and multi-column cells in a table here. Multi-row cells require the multirow package.
Ideally, a table fits on a single page. Several suggestions may be combined. Landscape full-page table If the table fits better on a landscape format page, insert a page in landscape format. The p option centers the table vertically on the page. Use the longtable package The longtable package automatically breaks long tables across multiple pages.
It requires extra configuration. See my article on that topic for an example and consult the package documentation.