Pharmacy technicians receive prescriptions from customers and fill the prescriptions, which a supervising pharmacist then reviews.
These technicians also label and price prescription containers, track inventory and provide customer service. Most pharmacy technicians work in retail drugstores, including pharmacies located in department stores and grocery stores. The career has advantages and disadvantages, and what one person may see as an advantage, someone else might see it as a disadvantage.
The U. Bureau of Labor Statistics BLS predicts employment for pharmacy technicians will be good through at leastwith jobs increasing by 31 percent, much faster than average for all occupations. An aging population needs more pharmaceutical products, and scientific advances continue to produce new drugs for more health conditions.
Some opportunities generally pay more. Technicians in large pharmacies or hospital pharmacies can advance to supervisory positions or specialize in dispensing medications for nuclear medicine or chemotherapy. Some pharmacy techs move into a sales career, which can be lucrative. Because numerous pharmacies are open at all hours, pharmacy technicians have the opportunity to work flexible schedules. If you prefer to work second or third shift or work a part-time schedule, many jobs are available.
The pharmacy technician's work environment is generally pleasant. Pharmacies are clean, well lighted, well ventilated and organized. If you like having contact with a variety of customers as well as having technical job duties, you may find this career enjoyable. Pharmacy technician pay on average is not very high. Advancement opportunities are limited for techs who don't work in large pharmacies. Employers increasingly prefer pharmacy technicians to hold a two-semester certificate or a two-year associate degree in a pharmacy technician program, as explained by the BLS.
Prospective technicians with only a high school diploma and no experience have fewer opportunities to be trained on the job. Most states require pharmacy technicians to register with the state board of pharmacy, which involves paying a fee. Some states and employers require certification by a professional organization, which involves passing an exam.
These technicians must be re-certified every two years, which requires 20 hours of continuing education each time. The tech can obtain up to 10 hours of continuing education on the job. Many pharmacy technicians do not work a standard daytime schedule. Pharmacies are typically open evenings and weekends, and some are open 24 hours. Techs may have schedules involving nights, weekends and holidays.
Pharmacy technicians spend most of their workday on their feet. In addition, pharmacies are generally phasing out the position of pharmacy assistant or aide and assigning those job duties to the technician.
This means pharmacy techs increasingly perform administrative tasks such as answering phones, working as a cashier and stocking shelves. Shelley Moore is a journalist and award-winning short-story writer. She specializes in writing about personal development, health, careers and personal finance. Moore has been published in "Family Circle" magazine and the "Milwaukee Sentinel" newspaper, along with numerous other national and regional magazines, daily and weekly newspapers and corporate publications.
She has a Bachelor of Science in psychology. Share It. Heating, Air Dental and About the Author. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd.The competitiveness of most companies is in a large degree based on the effective use of information technologies and information systems especially.
The main purpose of information systems are provide the right information to the right people at the right time. It is used to track, store, manipulate and distribute the information from gathered data to appropriate persons when necessary.
In this post I thought to think about what advantages and disadvantages can bring to the businesses and society the integrating information systems. Of course, without any doubt the efficient usage of information systems will give a lot opportunities to the companies and advantages to their business. Sometime it can make kind of new job environments but on the other hand it can make some group of employees unemployed.
Communication — with help of information technologies the instant messaging, emails, voice and video calls becomes quicker, cheaper and much efficient. Globalization and cultural gap — by implementing information systems we can bring down the linguistic, geographical and some cultural boundaries.
Sharing the information, knowledge, communication and relationships between different countries, languages and cultures becomes much easier.
This means that a business can be open anytime anywhere, making purchases from different countries easier and more convenient. It also means that you can have your goods delivered right to your doorstep with having to move a single muscle. Creation of new types of jobs — one of the best advantages of information systems is the creation of new and interesting jobs. Computer programmers, Systems analyzers, Hardware and Software developers and Web designers are just some of the many new employment opportunities created with the help of IT.
Cost effectiveness and productivity — the IS application promotes more efficient operation of the company and also improves the supply of information to decision-makers; applying such systems can also play an important role in helping companies to put greater emphasis on information technology in order to gain a competitive advantage.
IS has a positive impact on productivity, however there are some frustrations can be faced by systems users which are directly linked to lack of training and poor systems performance because of system spread. Unemployment and lack of job security — implementing the information systems can save a great deal of time during the completion of tasks and some labor mechanic works. As technology improves, tasks that were formerly performed by human employees are now carried out by computer systems.
For example, automated telephone answering systems have replaced live receptionists in many organizations or online and personal assistants can be good example also. Industry experts believe that the internet has made job security a big issue as since technology keeps on changing with each day.
This means that one has to be in a constant learning mode, if he or she wishes for their job to be secure. Dominant culture — while information technology may have made the world a global village, it has also contributed to one culture dominating another weaker one.
For example it is now argued that US influences how most young teenagers all over the world now act, dress and behave. Languages too have become overshadowed, with English becoming the primary mode of communication for business and everything else. Security issues — thieves and hackers get access to identities and corporate saboteurs target sensitive company data.
Such data can include vendor information, bank records, intellectual property and personal data on company management.
For example, several retail chains were targeted recently by hackers who stole customer information from their information systems and distributed Social Security numbers and credit card data over the Internet. Implementation expenses — to integrate the information system it require pretty good amount of cost in a case of software, hardware and people.
Software, hardware and some other services should be rented, bought and supported. Employees need to be trained with unfamiliar information technology and software. Information systems contribute to the efficient running of organizations. Information systems are showing the exponential growth in each decades. Modern medicine has benefited the most with better information system using the latest information technology.Continuing Education.
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Reaping the Benefits of Pharmacy Technology
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Five Major Issues Facing Pharmacy.
How these issues are handled will have a major impact on the future of pharmacy practice.Free Demo. Visit Website. Product Details NRx and SharpRx pharmacy management systems help community, chain and hospital outpatient pharmacies as well as HME businesses increase adherence, customer convenience and profitability through technology.
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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTERISED PHARMACY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Ease of Use. Customer Service. Write a Review. Glenn R. Director of Pharmacy Services. Show More Ratings. In the 36 years, I can't think of a single day in which we could not process prescriptions for more than minutes, and very few times for that period of time. I realize there are those PMS's that shine like a diamond on the outside, but after loading the computer, tend to turn to a lump of coal. Jordan T.The MMA included a formal definition of e-prescribing, and although it did not require providers or pharmacies to adopt e-prescribing, it did offer a set of uniform standards for appropriate implementation and use.
Most U. Patient safety and prescription error reduction are major concerns in modern health care, and e-prescribing was introduced to address these issues. E-prescribing initially presented many challenges, making resistance by pharmacists and providers difficult to overcome. Many of the problems faced in previous years have been resolved through advances in technology.
These advances allow e-prescribing software to screen for dosing accuracy, drug-drug interactions, and drug allergies and to alert providers to generic equivalents and formulary preferences. The intent of this review is to summarize the benefits and challenges of e-prescribing in U. The proposed and confirmed benefits of e-prescribing include enhanced patient safety, reduced drug costs, increased access to patient prescription records, and improved pharmacy workflow.
Patient Safety: Enhanced patient safety is of great significance. An estimated 1. S each year. Failure to identify drug allergies or drug-drug interactions also increases the likelihood of an ADE. The program prompts the provider to verify allergies, confirm dosage accuracy, and identify drug-drug interactions before the prescription is transmitted. Access to insurance information, formulary decision support FDSand fill status notification are supplementary features that increase the probability of the provider selecting a commercially available dosage form and a generic equivalent, if applicable.
Cost Benefits: A trial evaluating the impact of point-of-care decision support software found the software to be of financial benefit for patients.
The savings were attributed to alerts that informed providers of more cost-effective therapies, suggested discontinuation of unnecessary high-cost medications, and recommended optimization of current therapies before permitting transmission of the prescription to a pharmacy.
Access to Prescription Records: Electronic storage of prescription records is invaluable in situations in which patient safety is threatened, such as natural disasters and drug recalls.
Following Hurricane Katrina incomplete cessation of patient care was avoided because medical records were readily obtainable. Clinical benefits of e-prescribing have been reported as well. A retrospective study assessed the effect of e-prescribing on attainment of cholesterol goals in patients. Cholesterol-lowering agents were prescribed either traditionally or via e-prescription software equipped with FDS. After a mean of 4. This suggests that e-prescribing software equipped with FDS may improve LDL goal attainment in patients not currently at goal.
Improved Workflow: While much literature describes how e-prescribing benefits the patient in terms of goal achievement and prevention of drug errors, the community pharmacy also stands to gain. E-prescribing has been shown to streamline prescription processing and reduce wait times, since patients need not be present before a prescription is filled and it is no longer necessary to manually enter the prescription into the computer.
Other Advantages: Besides patients and community pharmacies, beneficiaries of e-prescribing include providers, insurance companies, employers, malpractice insurers, and the community. The implementation of e-prescribing in clinical practice has several benefits. The chief advantage of e-prescribing over written prescribing is the expansion of patient safety by reduction of ADEs. In the community pharmacy, pharmacists benefit from increased time for counseling patients, patient satisfaction, and customer retention.
As technology improves, it is likely that most U. Although e-prescribing eliminates certain errors, it potentiates new errors and reintroduces problems similar to those encountered with written prescriptions.
Omitted or inaccurate information, such as incorrect drug selection, wrong patient, and incorrect directions, accounts for most errors associated with e-prescribing. Clarification of Inaccuracies: One of the benefits of e-prescribing—additional time for the pharmacist to provide other services—is offset by the increased amount of time required to process an e-prescription if inaccuracies exist.
A study comparing traditional prescriptions with e-prescriptions found that e-prescriptions necessitated more pharmacist interaction with the provider because of missing, inaccurate, or unclear information. Verification of inaccurate doses whether insufficient or excessive was also common.By Emilie Ray April 04, Faced with a challenging reimbursement and regulatory environment, retail and outpatient pharmacies can benefit from technology, including pharmacy workflow systems, automation and software, to drive improvements in their business.
Implementing technology can not only help pharmacies deliver better care to their patients, it can also drive improvements in their clinical, operational, financial and regulatory compliance performance. The menu of technology available to retail and outpatient pharmacies ranges from the most simple to the most sophisticated pharmacy management systems, automated central fill and dispensing solutions, business services and point-of-sale systems.
By using any or all of these technologies, pharmacies can reduce the time their pharmacists and other staff members spend manually performing such tasks as checking customers' insurance status and financial responsibility, or counting pills and putting them in bottles. Pharmacies, in turn, can direct their pharmacists and other staff members to spend their new-found time on clinical activities that improve the health and outcomes of their patients.
Those activities could include medication reconciliation, comprehensive medication reviews, medication synchronization, medication therapy management, behavioral coaching, adherence programs, smoking cessation programs, flu and other vaccine services and general population health management.
From a financial perspective, the shift in how pharmacists and staff spend their time can improve the business health of the pharmacy. Many of the clinical activities are reimbursable services that will generate additional revenue for the pharmacy. New-found staff time also can be spent on non-clinical activities that can generate additional revenue such as front-end merchandising and marketing.Part 1.2 File processing system in dbms in hindi - disadvantage of file processing system over dbms
Technology can assist outpatient and retail pharmacies with another major time demand, regulatory compliance, the biggest of which is the B drug discount program.
Technology can help hospital-based outpatient pharmacies and contract retail pharmacies with a number of B-related tasks such as identifying eligible patients, drug procurement and pricing, and drug and prescriber tracking and documentation. It also can assist pharmacies with nonB compliance challenges such as tracking and disposal of controlled substances. With all the clinical, operational, financial and regulatory compliance benefits that can accrue to retail and outpatient pharmacies that adopt all these wonderful technologies, the question is why haven't more made the leap?
In working with pharmacies across the country, the barriers fall into three common buckets: cost, training and time. Like any other business in any other industry, pharmacies face start-up and ongoing costs associated with new technology. It's an investment they must be willing to make in order to enjoy returns measured by clinical, operational, financial and regulatory compliance gains. Pharmacies that don't want to jump right in can take smaller transition steps and phase-in new technologies over time to reduce their upfront costs.
The second barrier — training — has two components: the reluctance to change their current processes and the cost of retraining. If technology is replacing certain hands-on functions, then a pharmacy's staff must be retrained to use the technology and to perform new clinical and financial functions with the time saved by the technology.
And not everyone may be happy with the shift in responsibilities. This is where outside experience and expertise can help.
Pharmacies can look to their peers for guidance on how to best handle the change management, and they can hire consultants to orchestrate the training programs. In both cases, it's important to show the pharmacy's staff a comprehensive before-and-after picture of their workflows and daily operations to illustrate how their lives will change and how much more effective they will be in their jobs with the change.
Pharmacy owners, directors and managers have trouble finding the time to learn about all the new technologies out there, which ones are available in their market and which ones are going to be right for their respective operations.
One size doesn't fit all when it comes to pharmacy technology. If they can't commit to the time, they can hire an outside consultant to assess their operations and recommend the technology path that aligns with their business objectives and financial resources. An outside consultant can also partner with pharmacies during the implementation process to help with change management and the overall installation process. Pharmacies must overcome those barriers to thrive in today's health care environment.
They must free up time to focus on activities that improve clinical, operational, financial and regulatory compliance results. Without technology, they're just not going to get there on their own.
Six Major Benefits of Point of Sale Systems
She has more than 17 years of experience in the healthcare technology industry, having worked in both the hospital and retail pharmacy segments. She has held a variety of progressive leadership roles within various McKesson technology businesses, including software development, product management and marketing, which has deepened her understanding of operations, customers' needs and the industry overall.
All Blogs. Category: Pharmacies Clinical quality. Related Blog Posts.The early days of using a cash register and pen and notebook for accounting and processing transactions are no longer an effective means of keeping up with today's advancements in business technology.
In order to stay competitive businesses have to adapt and change with emerging technologies. A technological advancement that businesses are now using is the point-of-sale POS system. They are now realizing the many benefits POS have on their businesses.
The following are the many benefits of utilizing point of sale systems:. POS systems provide a business with a real-time detailed report of sales. This allows businesses to assess what products are being sold and what products are lagging in sales. The business can then implement marketing strategies to boost sales of the popular products. They will also know in real-time what is not selling so they can decide whether or not to order that product. A POS system provides the latest sales reports for the day, week, month, or year.
POS allows for improved customer service. Transactions are processed much quicker, item that are scanned for their price are accurate which lessens sales discrepancies.
There is also a wide selection of methods to take payments such as credit cards, debit cards, gift cards POS provides an efficient method of managing inventory. By being able to view in real time what is selling, they will be able to reorder products that are running low. POS software will also let you know when you need to reorder a product. Businesses can also keep track of the time of day that certain products are selling so they can arrange marketing displays around peak selling times.
As well, businesses will spend less time on paperwork, accounting, inventory management, sales record keeping, as well as managing such programs as marketing, special advertising programs, loyalty programs, discount programs, and much more. POS allows for the management of gift cards, coupons, and loyalty programs. This is effective way of monitoring the program and keeping track of the success of the programs.