Gopinathan Nair 24 April — 24 Maywas an Indian dramatist, novelist, poet, screenwriter and biographer of Malayalam language. One of the prolific among Malayalam playwrights, Nair published 39 plays, besides his four novels, four poetry anthologies and five biographies. His drama, Pareekshareceived the Vikraman Nair Trophy for the best drama and the Kerala Sahitya Akademi selected his work, Sakshifor their annual award for drama in Narayana Pillai Sahityapanchanan P.
Narayana Pillaia noted scholar and lawyer and his wife, Parukutty Amma. Later, he also served as the editor of Malayalarajyam film magazine for a year before founding P. Memorial Press, named after his father, from where he published a magazine under the name, Sakhi and a daily by name, Veerakesari.
It was to repay the debts, Nair turned to films and he made his debut with Thiramalaa film, for which wrote the story, screenplay and dialogues; he also acted in the film along with Sathyan and Kumari Thankam. Later, he served as a consultant to Manorajyam weekly, Akashvani and Doordarshan.
Gopinathan Nair's oeuvre comprises over 50 books, falling into genres such as plays, novels, poetry, biography and travelogues,  which include Ente Minian elegiacal reminiscences on the death of his wife.
Gopinathan Nair was married to Saudamini, fondly called Mini, the daughter of noted writer, Kuttippurath Kesavan Nair; the marriage taking place in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Gopinathan Nair. ThiruvananthapuramKeralaIndia. Gopinathan Nair, T. Kottayam: Sahitya Pravarthaka Co-operative Society. Akavum puravum. Aval oru pennaanu. Manam thelinju.
Veettile vellicham. Thrissur: Current Books. Gopinathan Nayarute natakangal. Ezhu nirangal. Nizhalukal akalunuu. Pazhamayum puthumayum. Lakshmanan Pillai. Mister gulugulu. Thrissur: DC Books. Anganeyengil angane.Nair soldier,an old picture. Nair is the name of a Hindu caste in the Southern Indian state of Kerala.
Nairs are an integral part of Kerala's culture and have a long and illustrious history. Nairs are a warrior class a martial nobility. They are similar to the samurai of Japan.
The word Nair is either derived from the Sanskrit word Nayaka leader or Naga snakes, which the Nairs worshipped. Nairs are not a caste, but a race with its numerous sub-castes and surnames.
Nairs can be found in all walks of life. Wickiepedia Nairs are the savarna hindus who constituted the warriors, landed gentry and yeoman of Kerala. Nayars are the largest and most important section of the society of Kerala. They were the lords of the country and guardian of public weal. Today they are more distinguished as bureaucrats, writers, artists, administrators and diplomats. They are the only matrilineal community in the country. Religions and Community of India - Chopra. Ramachandran Nair Nair is not a caste, but a society of the Dravidian culture.
Ramachandran Nair. They are the owners of this land. Before the British conquest i. Wickipedia Nairs are not a caste, but a race with its numerous sub-castes and surnames.In Kayamkulam king's army, ezhavas played a big role.
Pada vettum Pathee natha Panicker, his army chief was from Varanappallil. Chempil Arayan was the naval chief that you are referring to and he certainly was no Thiyya! You dont have to now build an aura of aristocracy around it with phony anecdotes!
Dr. Tiny Nair
Varanappallil Panickers were army chiefs of Kayamkulam King. Lokanatha Panicker and Patheenatha Panicker were famous among them. After Kayamkulam King's defeat before Travancore army inthe King absconded and Patheenatha Panicker killed himself with a sword in such a way that his body was cut into 3 pieces and head was lying on the south side of Thurayil Tharawad.
A small temple was constructed in his memory at that spot on the south side of Thurayil Tharawad, which is still there. The ancient Kalari at Cheerappanchira of old Karappuram or current Cherthala in Alapuzha district lying on the western banks of lake Vembanad to the west of Kumarakom and Pathiramanal island is renowned for its legendary warriors and inclusive martial arts masters who even got the prestigious privilege of teaching their life saving arts to the mythical Ayyappan of Pandalam dynasty now enshrined in Sabarimala according to folklore and popular belief.
It is interesting to note that Ayyappan also known as Dharma Sastha a synonym of the Buddha is also associated with the Buddhist past of south India. It is evident that the family heads called the Panickers of Cheerappanchira household traditionally practiced Kalari and were chiefs in the army of Karappuram kings from the early middle ages onwards. Changampally Kalari in Thirunavaya in Malapuram district is associated with Mamankam, the martial carnival that settled the succession disputes in ancient Kerala once in every 12 years.
The family has converted to Islam in the 18thcentury during the Mysore occupation. This could be an elitist assimilation or fabrication done later under the hegemony of Brahmanical values; as Tulu Brahmans are never identified as traditionally having martial Kalari practice or institutions in Tulunadu or down south. The Changam and Pally words in their house name are marked key words associated with Buddhism.
The savarnas the term was mainly used by namboothiris to denote themselves earlier were much interested in creating castes and new subcastes. As found every where poor did't got much respect and their situation did't improved much.
They were given jobs to assist wealthy namboothiris as servants. Later it these namboothiri hotels meant reduced to the hotel name ,that means the workers were taken from all castes even from other religion too. All were allowed to dine there. Even with highest social status the customs of bhrahmins of kerala was too pathetic.The total population of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste-based census since The administrators of the British Raj had an abiding interest in ethnography but in post-independence India the policy has been generally to ignore it in censuses.
Nair population has been declining in Kerala.
Some of the districts in Kerala have only a small population of Nairs. Malappuram has a Nair population of 1. The most reliable population figures comes from two sources.
At the same time, the government for the same purpose, gave a figure of But this is not the case, as according to the Census, the Total Fertility Rate varied across various ethnic groups. InKammalas had the highest TFR at 3. They were followed by Ezhavas at 3. On the other hand, Nairs had a TFR of only 3. Below the Nairs were Pulayas 3.
Household sample surveys conducted by the Kerala Statistical Institute, the last of which were inproduced estimates which are:.
Distribution of Nair population in Kerala. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In Barrier, Norman Gerald ed. New Delhi: Manohar. Retrieved 28 August Women and the Kerala reforms". Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 13 June Dynamics of migration in Kerala: dimensions, differentials, and consequences. Orient Longman. Nairs are kshtriya caste.
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Demographics of Nair community
Historically, Nairs lived in large family units called tharavads that housed descendants of one common female ancestor. These family units along with their unusual marriage customs, which are no longer practiced, have been much studied.
Although the detail varied from one region to the next, the main points of interest to researchers of Nair marriage customs were the existence of two particular rituals—the pre-pubertal thalikettu kalyanam and the later sambandam —and the practice of polygamy in some areas.
Some Nair women also practiced hypergamy with Nambudiri Brahmins from the Malabar region. The Nair were historically involved in military conflicts in the region.
The serpent is worshipped by Nair families as a guardian of the clan. The worship of snakesa Dravidian custom,  is so prevalent in the area that one anthropologist notes: "In no part of the world is snake worship more general than in Kerala. The origin of the Nair is disputed. Some people think the name itself is derived from nayakaan honorific meaning "leader of the people", while others believe it stems from the community's association with the Naga cult of serpent worship.
That work describes what is probably the Malabar coast area wherein could be found the "Nareae, who are shut in by the Capitalis range, the highest of all the mountains in India".
Fuller believes it probable that the Nareae referred to the Nairs and the Capitalis range is the Western Ghats. There are large gaps in the known early history of the Kerala region, which in the 1st-century AD is thought to have been governed by the Chera dynasty and which by the late 3rd-century AD had broken up, possibly as a consequence of a decline in trade with the Romans.
There is no evidence of Nairs in the area during this period. Inscriptions on copper-plate regarding grants of land and rights to settlements of Jewish and Christian traders, dated approximately between the 7th- and 9th-centuries AD, refer to Nair chiefs and soldiers from the Ernad, ValluvanadVenad later known as Travancore and Palghat areas. As these inscriptions show the Nairs as witnesses to the agreements between those traders and the successors to the Cheras, the Perumalsit is probable that by this time the Nairs were vassal chieftains.
Certainly by the 13th-century, some Nairs were the rulers of small kingdoms and the Perumals had disappeared. Trade with China, which had declined for some time, began to increase once more in the 13th-century and it was during this period that two small Nair kingdoms were established.
Both of these—at Kolattunad and at Vernad—contained major seaports, and they expanded by taking over the inland territory of neighbouring chieftains. Although trade with China once more went into decline in the 14th-century, it was replaced by trade with Muslim Arabs. These traders had been visiting the area for several hundred years but their activities increased to the point that a third Nair kingdom, based on the port of Calicutbecame established.
There were also small kingdoms at Walluvanad and Palghat, away from the coastline. The large influx of travelers and traders to Kerala had left many early accounts of the Nairs. These descriptions were initially idealized by Europeans for its martial society, productivity, spirituality, and for its marriage practices.It was established under the leadership of Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai. Sukumaran Nair is the present General Secretary.
The Nair Service Society was formed on 31 October  as a reaction to perceived communal slights in the princely state of Travancore in southern India, which now forms a part of the state of Kerala.
Kelappan was the president and Mannathu Padmanabhan was the secretary. Nairs were the most economically and socially dominant community, as well as the most numerous, in what was traditionally a staunchly Hindu kingdom that rigorously and officially enforced distinctions between castes. The Nairs believed Travancore to be a Hindu state  and the founders of the NSS believed that their own community could only counter the changing socio-political situation if it presented a united front and did away with its internal social subdivisions.
Expatriate Nairs both in other states of India as well as in foreign countries have formed Nair Service Societies in their states and countries of domicile. In October, Nair organisations from around the world decided to form a united body. As of [update] the NSS comprised: .
NSS has also started many schools under its supervision. Past presidents include K. Kelappan who was the first president of NSS and K. Karunakara Menon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fuller notes that " The Hindu Daily. Nair Service Society. Retrieved 7 May March To Survive or to flourish?The oldest man was legal head of the group.
Rules of marriage and residence varied somewhat between kingdoms. The husband could visit her but was not obliged to ; in some cases ritual divorce immediately followed the ceremony. After puberty the girl or woman could receive a number of visiting husbands of her own or a higher caste.
Women were maintained by their matrilineal groups, and fathers had no rights or obligations in regard to their children. Perhaps partly as a result, plural marital unions gradually died out in the 19th century. Children began to be maintained by their father, to support him in his old ageand to perform the ceremonies at his death.
Laws passed in the s enforced monogamypermitted division of the matrilineal estate among male and female members, and gave children full rights of maintenance and inheritance from the father. By the midth century it was increasingly common, especially in towns, for nuclear families to form separate residential and economic units.
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