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Map reading is an essential skill for any explorer or outdoor enthusiast. Hear what Steve has to say about grid references in these two short videos:. As Steve said, it really could save a life. Each line, whether running vertically or horizontally across the map has a number on it both at either end of the line and somewhere halfway along.

The numbers that run from left to right or west to east on the map are called Eastings — this is because the number of the line increases the further east you go.

The numbers that run from bottom to top or south to north on the map are called Northings — this is because the number of the line increases the further north you go. To take a four figure grid reference you take the Easting first taking the number that is bottom left of the square you are looking for and then the Northing. Regardless of which map you are using — this places you in a 1 km square box, in this case, Great Britain is also broken down into km square boxes — each has a prefix of two letters.

These letters can be found in each of the four corners of your map. Add these to the start of your grid reference and you have pin pointed your exact location. What you need to do is imagine that that one box identified in your four figure grid reference is broken down into smaller squares — 10 x 10 squares, which are marked all around the edges of your map.

You can download our resources from our Map Zone aimed at children that take you through how to take a grid reference with more examples. Now you can take to the hills and be able to tell someone where you are! If my map is going to be folded, I always write the grid numbers onto the visible area. Only takes seconds and job done. Lee,just remember to take the grid refrence before you go on your trip so if you get lost atleast you will know where you are.

Not so many as to smother the map, but enough so that you could see them however you folded it. Sad to say that my first purchase in many years is bitterly regretted as this is no longer the case. Writing the numbers on yourself is a workaround — but a workaround for a daft omission on the part of O. Thanks for getting in touch. This is due to a change from in the Landranger specification which will be rolled out to all titles in the range as they come up for revision.

For OS Explorer maps, grid figures are shown on each 10km line, this has been the case since Hii which side are started in reading a grid refference also which line are started to read and how to use the scale in calculating the area of map. The lines that run from left to right or west to east on the map are called Eastings — this is because the number of the line increases the further east you go. Sloppy description. The numbers on the north-south lines increase. Thanks for pointing it out Steve — I mean, this is the Ordnance Survey website.

I thought I was cracking up until I read the posts at the bottom of this page. The lines that run from bottom to top or south to north on the map are called Northings — this is because the number of the line increases the further north you go. Grid systems vary, but the most common is a square grid with grid lines intersecting each other at right angles and numbered sequentially from the origin at the bottom left of the map. The grid numbers on the east-west horizontal or x axis are called Eastings, and the grid numbers on the north-south vertical or y axis are called Northings.

You need to convert the map number to the grid ref e. If you do a grid reference search using the grid reference icon, it returns a grid reference. I hope that will be of some use. The horizontal numbers, running left to right across the map or along the corridor are eastings and the vertical numbers, running up the map or up the stairs are northings.This activity combines learning about 4 figure grid references with looking at a map of Kenya and learning about Kenyan animals.

Map reading skills: How to read a grid reference

It is free to download and print off by clicking on the link below. Here we look at an aerial photograph and a map of the same area. This is an important geography skill that is underserved by the mainstream resource makers so we hope you find this worksheet useful. This activity focuses on developing map skills, chiefly, using direction to locate features on a map. It uses a map of the UK with the major cities on as its base so you become familiar with how touse direction with a map whilst also learning where the major cities of the UK and Northern Ireland are.

Using an atlas is an important skill in Geography and this activity asks you to use an atlas to find the locations of Kenya's neighbouring countries. It also tests your ability to locate cities and Kenya's longest river, the Tana river. Given a set of directions, can you follow them towards a goal? This activity asks you to find some treasure located at the end of a long set of instructions.

Did you think they were all the same thing?

4 figure grid references

Luckily, this activity helps you to learn which countries comprise each different name. This activity then goes on to look at the UK in more detail. Before moving on to four figure grid references, it is best to learn alpha-numeric grid references to become familiar with the concept. This mapping activity looks at plotting Mexico's cities on to a map of Mexico.

It is aimed at year olds Year 2 or Grade 1. In this activity, we look at locating famous world volcanoes on a world map using their latitude and longitude co-ordinates. We recommend using a pencil for the first few volcanoes so that you can easily correct mistakes. Also printing it in A3 makes the activity easier. Here we look at developing our digital literacy skills through using Google Earth on our tablet PCs to locate these geographical features.

This activity offers a great way to learn how to use Google Earth or similar online mapping software. Here we learn what map symbols are and why we use them. In this activity you will design 10 symbols of your own for different objects and then go on identify a further 18 map symbols.

Longitude and Latitude song

There is an answer key to help. In this activity, the pupils have to use an atlas or an online mapping software like Google Earth to identify the 15 longest rivers in the World on the map.

The pupils develop their locational knowledge of rivers and for an extension activity, the pupils can list the seas and oceans that each river flows into.

Here the pupils have to identify the correct location of the longest rivers in the British Isles. In this mapping activity, the pupils apply the skills they have learnt to make their own map of an imaginary place. The worksheet gives an example of what a map might look like and it also lists the key features needed to make a good map. The map skills worksheet comes with some blank templates for drawing your imaginary map on if you wish.

There are four blank templates to choose from. This activity eschews the geography tradition of making a cross section of a river valley and asks you to make a cross section of an ice sheet.

This has a number of benefits whilst also learning about glaciers and ice sheets. It develops the relatively difficult skill of making cross-sections. It also helps to point out how much ice is locked away in the Greenland ice sheet and it then helps to explain why the sea level will rise so much of the greenland ice sheet were to melt.

So this is glaciers, map skills and environmental studies all in one. Map Skills.Geography Map Skills. Search this site. Home Page. About Us. Activity 1 contours. Activity 2. Activity 3 contours. Additional links- 4 Grid Reference. Additional links- 6 Grid Reference. Additional links- Contours. Additional links- Map Symbols. Contours - Worksheet 1. Map Symbols. Q1 answer. Q1 Right. Q1 Wrong. Q2 answer. Q2 Right. Q2 Wrong. Q3 answer.

Q3 Right. Q3 Wrong. Q4 answer. Q5 answer. Q6 answer. Question 1. Tourists use grid lines to find where they want to for example finding roads, museums and other places of interest.

In 4-figure grid references 4 digits are used eg.This six-lesson unit on map skills is designed so that one lesson will be taught in each year group from years one through six. The final lesson, lesson six, is aimed at Year six pupils.

They find locations using six-figure grid references and practice locating the school, their house and significant buildings on a map of the local area. They will then use these skills to interpret a Treasure Map and find the lost treasure. Note: this lesson can take place in the computing suite.

Pupils develop their digital mapping skills through answering the treasure hunt questions using the Digimap for Schools software. Landscape features and places both human and physical can be located on an Ordnance Survey map through the use of grid references and grid squares.

To pinpoint a place you take the Eastings number first, then the Northing along the corridor and up the stairs. You also need an the two letter code e. SK Six-figure grid references enable more accurate readings, as two more figures give the exact location within the grid square identified through the four-figure grid reference.

To access the Measuring distance factsheet online To download Digimap for Schools. Open Digimap for Schools see web links and locate the school and local area as a whole class. Pose the questions:. How could you describe to a friend where to find the school on an Ordnance Survey map? Through giving them the grid reference. Explain how six-figure grid references work using the PowerPoint presentation see downloadable resources and also the RGS-IBG subject knowledge animation on Map Skills see web linksthe grid references section is from minutes.

Explain that grid references have a two letter code, as well as four figures to define the grid square, and two more to show the exact location within that grid square.

Practise finding places on an OS map using six-figure grid references. Use Digimap for Schools see downloadable resources to click on places to reveal the six-figure grid reference. Ask the pupils what they know about scale. They may have covered this topic in maths. If the scale on an OS map ishow can we work out the actual distance from the distance on the map? Explain to the pupils thatmeans for every 1cm on the map 25,cm are covered on the ground.

Explain how distance on a map can be measured using the Measuring Distance factsheet see downloadable resources and practically on Digimap for Schools. Tell the class they are going to put the map skills they have learned in this lesson to find lost treasure on a map. Provide pupils with a copy of instructions Treasure Hunt resources sheet see downloadable resources.

If you have subscribed to Digimap for Schools you could use this to help or to show the answers at the end. Put in London and then City of London to find the right location. Pupils share their answers, and the teacher can check using the answer sheet provided see downloadable resources.

using grid references ks2

Recap on what they have learned about maps. Ask them to write down on Post-its any handy hints that they have picked up that would help others.This quick and easy guide explains how to read a simple grid reference and explains the basics for beginners. You might have noticed by now that OS maps are covered in a series of blue grid lines.

These grid lines help you to pinpoint an exact location anywhere on the map. The vertical lines are called 'eastings', as they increase in value as you travel east on the map. The horizontal lines are called 'northings' as they increase in value as you travel north on the map. These are linked to the National Grid which provides a unique reference system, and can be applied to all OS maps of Great Britain, at all scales.

Great Britain is covered by grid squares measuring kilometres across and each grid square is identified by two letters, as shown in diagram A. On OS maps, these squares are further divided into smaller squares by grid lines representing 10 kilometre spacing, each numbered from 0 to 9 from the south west corner, in an easterly left to right and northerly upwards direction. You can see this in diagram B.

Using this system you can identify a 10 kilometre grid square. For example, the above image shows TL After the letters you can quote the eastings 6 first, then the northings 3. On an OS Landranger map you can find the two main grid letters in this case TL on the legend or the corner squares of the map.

The grid is further divided into 1 kilometre intervals, as shown in diagram C.

using grid references ks2

It is easy to find a particular place using a grid reference. To start, a four-figure grid reference is a handy way of identifying any square on a map. Grid references are easy if you can remember that you always have to go along the corridor before you go up the stairs. To find the number of a square first use the eastings to go along the corridor until you come to the bottom left-hand corner of the square you want. Write this two-figure number down.

Then use the northing to go up the stairs until you find the same corner.Use this KS1 geography resource to help develop the children's understanding of grid coordinates. Year 4 Maths: Maths investigation 3 - This maths investigation asks children to work out what the missing numbers are in the grid. They are then asked to put some numbers in the blank grids and see if a friend can solve their puzzle! Year 4 Maths: Maths investigation 2 - This maths investigation asks students to work out what the missing numbers are in the grid and explain how they found them.

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Cookies may be placed by third parties. By closing this message and continuing to use the site you consent to cookie use by primaryleap. Home Worksheets. Sort by:. Filter By:. None None Free Sheets. Worksheet 6 Themes 0 Nursery 0. Grid references. Age: 6 - 7. Age: 5 - 6.

using grid references ks2

Grid references and map work. Age: 7 - 8. Grid co-ordinates Use this KS1 geography resource to help develop the children's understanding of grid coordinates.

Investigation 3 - number grids Year 4 Maths: Maths investigation 3 - This maths investigation asks children to work out what the missing numbers are in the grid. Age: 8 - 9. Investigation 2 - Number Grids Year 4 Maths: Maths investigation 2 - This maths investigation asks students to work out what the missing numbers are in the grid and explain how they found them.

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No Thanks.Join our ranger Tony in the Gipps National Park. See how we can protect the rainforest for visitors to enjoy. Hear word Close. You need to select the letter C. Look across the top or bottom of the map. Try again. We have selected the letter C for you. You need to select the number 7. Look down the left and right sides of the map.

We have selected the number 7 for you. Look across the row of letters for E and down the column of numbers for 8. We've selected grid reference E8 for you. Look across the row of letters for H and down the column of numbers for 8. We have selected H8 for you. Well done! Select 'Continue' for the next clue. Look across the row of letters for J and down the column of numbers for 4. We have selected J4 for you. Now select Continue. Look across the row of letters for K and down the column of numbers for 5.

We have selected K5 for you. Some maps use grid references grid references to locate locate things. For example, on this map, My Place is at grid reference C7, where C is the column and 7 is the row. To find the grid reference for My Place on the map, first find and select the letter C in either the top or bottom row of letters.

Now find and select the number 7 in either of the columns of numbers. You'll find My Place where the column and row cross. This is the grid reference C7. Let's find some other places in the rainforest. I'll give you the grid references, and you select them on the map.

First, select E8 to find the Camp Site. The Rest House is at J4. Can you find this on the map? The Lake Hut is located at K5. Find this on the map. You've found all the places on the map. Now look for the next clue.